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January 13, 1733 January 13, 1966
 • James Oglethorpe and some 130 English colonists arrived at Charleston, S.C., to settle in present day Georgia.  • Robert C. Weaver became the first black cabinet member when he was appointed Secretary of Housing and Urban Development by President Johnson
January 14, 1943 January 14, 1954
 • During World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill began a conference in Casablanca.  • 28 year old Marilyn Monroe born Norma Jean Baker, Marries baseball legend Joe DiMagggio, They divorced nine months later.
January 15, 1777 January 15, 1967
 • The people of New Connecticutt declared their independence. (The tiny republic later became the state of Vermont)  • The Green Bay Packers of the National Football league defeated the Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football league 35-10 in the first Super Bowl.
January 16, 1920 January 16, 1991
 • Prohibition began when the 18th Amendment to the U.S. constitution took effect. (It was later repealed by the 21st Amendment)  • The U.N. deadline for Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait expires and the Persian Gulf War begins as aircraft from the U.S. led military coalition begin bombing targets in and around Baghdad.
January 17, 1942 January 17, 1949
 • Millions of movie fans are stunned when actress Carole Lombard dies in a plane crash at the age of 34. Lombard, married to Clark Gable since 1939, was one of Hollywood's most glamorous stars of the 1930s.  • "The Goldbergs" debuts as television's first situation comedy. The show, which ran until 1954, followed the adventures of a middle class Jewish family in the Bronx.
January 18, 1788 January 18, 1803
 • The first Australian penal colony is established when the first 736 convicts banished from England to Australia land in botany Bay. During the next 60 years, approximately 50,000 criminals were transported from Great Britian to the "land down under", in one of the strangest episodes in criminal justice history.  • President Thomas Jefferson asks Congress for money to fund the journey of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore the vast regions of the Far West. The costs for provisions, weapons, gunpowder, Scientific instruments and a large boat came to $2,500, with $696 earmarked for gifts to Indians.
January 19, 1931 January 19, 1983
 • Producer Samuel Goldwyn announces he has contracted with fashion designer Coco Chanel to advise United Artists consumers. The move indicated the power that Hollywood was beginning to have on American fashion trends.  • Klaus Barbie, the Nazi Gestapo chief of Lyons, France, during the German occupation, is arrested in Bolivia for his crimes against humanity four decades earlier. He was sentenced to spend the rest of his life in prison, France's highest punishment.
January 20, 1870 January 20, 1945
 • Victoria Woodhull and her sister Tennessee Claflin open the doors of Woodhull, Clafin & Co., the nations first brokerage firm run solely by women. The firm represented an early victory for equal rights in the often chauvinistic world of Wall Street.  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the only president to be elected to three terms in office, is inaugurated to his fourth term.
January 21, 1916 January 21, 1976
 • The National Board of Review, founded in 1909 as the National Board of Censorship, agrees it will not accept nudity in films. In 1921, New York State passed a film licensing law, which deprived the board of much of its power.  • From London's Heathrow Airport and Orly Airport outside Paris, the first Concordes with commercial passengers simultaneously take flight. With a cruising speed well over the sound barrier at 1,350 mph, the innovative Concorde could cut air travel time by more than half.
January 22, 1901 January 22, 1973
 • Queen Victoria dies. During her 63 year reign, she restored dignity to the English monarchy and ensured its survival as a ceremonial political institution.  • In its Roe vs Wade decision the U.S. Supreme Court legalized abortions for the first six months of pregnancy.
January 23, 1849 January 23, 1968
 • Elizabeth Blackwell is granted a medical degree from Geneva College in New York, becoming the first female in U.S. history to be officially recognized as a physician. In 1875, she became professor of gynecology at the London School of Medicine for Women, a medical discipline she had helped to establish.  • North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship Pueblo, charging it had intruded North Korean territorial waters on a spying mission. The crew was released 11 months later.
January 24, 1848 January 24, 1942
 • James Marshall discovered a gold nugget at Sutter's Mill in northern California, a discovery that led to the gold rush of 1849.  • A special court of inquiry into America's lack of preparedness for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor placed much of the blame on Rear Adm. Husband Kimmel and Lt. Gen. Walter Short, the Navy and Army commanders.
January 25, 1915 January 25, 1971
 • The inventor of the Telephone, Alexander Graham Bell , inaugurated transcontinental telephone service in the United States.  • Charles Manson and three female followers were convicted in Los Angeles of murder and conspiracy in the 1969 slayings of seven people, including actress Sharon Tate.
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